1 This article focuses on LNG sales and purchase agreements that are governed by English or New York law. 2 See z.B. Clause 12 of the 2011 GIIGNL Master Ex-Ship LNG sales contract, Article 13 of the AIPN Master LNG-Verkaufs- und -Kaufvertrages 2012 and Clause 15 of the standard BP MSA (DES) 2019 Edition form. 3 See z.B. Clause 12, paragraph 2, point b), of the 2011 LNG sales contract, Section 184.108.40.206 a) of the 2012 AIPN Master LNG contract and paragraph 15.1 (a) of the MSA (DES) 2019 type form. 4 See z.B. paragraph 220.127.116.11 (a) of the standard contract AIPN Master LNG-Kauf- und -Kaufvertrages von 2012. 5 Vgl. B z.
clause 18.104.22.168 (b) of the standard contract AIPN Master LNG-Kauf- und – Kaufvertrages von 2012. 6 See, for example. B, paragraphs 12.3 and 12(4) of the 2011 LNG sales contract of GIIGNL Master Ex-Ship, item 13.2 of the AIPN- Contract-Master-LL 2012 and clauses 15.6 and 15.7 of the MSA (DES) 2019 Edition. Contracts for the sale and sale of LNG generally include obligations arising from the force majeure event that the parties wish to consider. These include:6 The usual types of LNG sales and sale contracts are: long-term sales contracts – usually for a period of 20 years, the long-term LNG sales contract remains the traditional guarantee for financing the capital-intensive LNG value chain. The majority of global LNG volumes are sold under long-term contracts This practice note takes into account the nature and scope of arbitration agreements with a particular focus on arbitration agreements under England and Wales law, although it also discusses the concept from an international perspective and contains some examples of other examples The availability of force majeure discharge depends on the text agreement and applicable legislation. , resulting from the application of force majeure concepts, often included in LNG sales and sales contracts. The rise of liquefied natural gas (LNG) in the United States, Australia and Qatar has used a new era of short-term supply contracts for the natural gas industry.
The International Group of LNG Importr (GIIGNL) reported that 30% of LNG purchases are now considered short-term. In response to this short-term LNG trade boom, several industry players have published model forms to facilitate agreements. Four of these models, commonly referred to as Master Sale and Purchase Agreements, were particularly influential.